An open letter to Mr. K Kasturirangan by Prof. Madhav Gadgil on the Western Ghats report

Prof. Madhav Gadgil is an eminent Indian Ecologist. His research interests include population biology, conservation biology, human ecology and ecological history and he has published over 215 research papers and 6 books.
He was the head of a team of ecologists who developed a report named the “Western Ghats Ecology Report” which suggested that almost 75% of the ghats should be put under various levels of restrictions much to the opposition of the states and other interest groups alike.

Dr. Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan is an Indian space scientist, who headed the Indian Space Research Organization (ISRO) for more than 9 years until 2003. He is a Member of the Planning Commission of Government of India, the Chancellor of Jawaharlal Nehru University and is the Chairman of Karnataka Knowledge Commission.

The earlier report developed by Gadgil committee was opposed by all the states in the name of development and a second commission was formed under the chairmanship of Dr. K Kasturirangan that suggests only less than 50% of Western ghats as no-go areas for mining and other polluting industries. But it does not recommended a ban on hydroelectric projects , dams and other such projects which are one of the biggest threat to the ecology of the region and all such projects will require prior-informed consent and no-objection from the Gram Sabha (village council) of these villages which we suspect would not be very difficult to get.

In this context, Prof. Gadgil wrote an open letter to Dr. Kasturirangan opposing the decision of the committee. The letter goes as follows:

Dear Dr. Kasturirangan,

JBS Haldane, the celebrated 19h century scientist and humanist who quit England protesting its imperialistic invasion of Suez to become an Indian citizen has said: Reality is not only stranger than we suppose, but stranger than we CAN suppose! I could never have imagined that you would be party to a report such as that of the High Level Working Group on Western Ghats, but, then, reality is indeed stranger than we can suppose!

In our report to the Ministry of Environment & Forests, based on our extensive discussions and field visits, we had advocated a graded approach with a major role for grass-roots level inputs for safeguarding the ecologically sensitive Western Ghats. You have rejected this framework and in its place, you advocate a partitioning amongst roughly one-third of what you term natural landscapes, to be safeguarded by guns and guards, and two-third of so-called cultural landscapes, to be thrown open to development, such as what has spawned the 35,000 crore rupees illegal mining scam of Goa. This amounts to attempts to maintain oases of diversity in a desert of ecological devastation. Ecology teaches us that such fragmentation would lead, sooner, rather than later, to the desert overwhelming the oases. It is vital to think of maintenance of habitat continuity, and of an ecologically and socially friendly matrix to ensure long term conservation of biodiversity rich areas, and this is what we had proposed.

Moreover, freshwater biodiversity is far more threatened than forest biodiversity and lies largely in what you term cultural landscapes. Freshwater biodiversity is also vital to livelihoods and nutrition of large sections of our people. That is why we had provided a detailed case study of Lote Chemical Industry complex in Ratnagiri district of Maharashtra, where pollution exceeding all legal limits has devastated fisheries so that 20,000 people have been rendered jobless, while only 11,000 have obtained industrial employment. Yet the Government wants to set up further polluting industries in the same area, and has therefore deliberately suppressed its own Zonal Atlas for Siting of Industries.

Your report shockingly dismisses our constitutionally guaranteed democratic devolution of decision making powers, remarking that local communities can have no role in economic decisions. Not surprisingly, your report completely glosses over the fact reported by us that while the Government takes absolutely no action against illegal pollution of Lote, it had invoked police powers to suppress perfectly legitimate and peaceful protests against pollution on as many as 180 out of 600 days in 2007-09.

India’s cultural landscape harbours many valuable elements of biodiversity. Fully 75% of the population of Lion-tailed Macaque, a monkey species confined to the Western Ghats, thrives in the cultural landscape of tea gardens. I live in the city of Pune and scattered in my locality are a large number of Banyan, Peepal and Gular trees; trees that belong to genus Ficus, celebrated in modern ecology as a keystone resource that sustains a wide variety of other species. Through the night I hear peacocks calling, and when I get up and go to the terrace I see them dancing. It is our people, rooted in India’s strong cultural traditions of respect for nature, who have venerated and protected the sacred groves, the Ficus trees, the monkeys and the peafowl.

Apparently all this is to be snuffed out. It reminds me of Francis Buchanan, an avowed agent of British imperialism, who wrote in 1801 that India’s sacred groves were merely a contrivance to prevent the East India Company from claiming its rightful property.

It would appear that we are now more British than the British and are asserting that a nature friendly approach in the cultural landscape is merely a contrivance to prevent the rich and powerful of the country and of the globalized world from taking over all lands and waters to exploit and pollute as they wish while pursuing lawless, jobless economic growth. It is astonishing that your report strongly endorses such an approach. Reality is indeed stranger than we can suppose!

With warm personal regards,

I remain,

Yours sincerely,



Remember- we are talking about one of the only two Biodiversity hotspots of India.

Are we ready to lose it to the greed and hunger of our politicians who persuade us using the blanket of unsustainable development?

We have to do something to protect our Western Ghats so that we don’t regret not taking any actions and if cannot save our Western Ghats, we should not take pride in calling ourselves conservationists.

Please sign the petition and spread it across so that we can question the concerned authorities and save this wild heritage:

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3 Responses to An open letter to Mr. K Kasturirangan by Prof. Madhav Gadgil on the Western Ghats report

  1. susan welch says:

    you should be ashamed of putting profits before the planet, people and animals. the loss of any of our natural species and habitats is a crime, and it should be punishable by law, all plants and animals have a place and a role in the natural kingdom. you do not. find greener or more sustainable ways of achieving your outcomes and leave our animals, habitats and ecology alone, for our generation and generations to come.

  2. Dr. Dilip K. Apturkar says:

    We have already lost to much of our ecosystem.Now we must protect 100% of our remaining ecosystem. I want to promote common iora- as singing bird.This small beautiful unidentified bird presents everywhere, although common but not known to the public.

  3. RAJA BAISHYA says:

    The govt. must take note of the alarming rise in temperature together with the damage and loss in the biodiversity resources which these kinds of constructions and projects might create. Also this will mean the destruction of the natural habitat of the wildlife residing there. The tribal people and villages residing there who are greatly dependent on the forest for their livelihood will greatly suffer. CO2 level will rise contributing to further rise in temperature. International Environmental committee concerned about the global rise in temperature are now sitting out plans to reduce the CO2 emission caused by burning of fossil fuels and thinking of switching towards a more eco-friendly energy technology, but such a step by the Indian govt. to destroy the hot spot will add up to unstabilizing the balance of the ecosystem. So, I strongly protest….

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